Goals/Benefits Time/Structure Sample Lessons Routines Texts Assessment

Suggested Readings: Goals/Benefits Section

Articles from The Reading Teacher are accessible online with a subscription to the journal.
* denotes books that are referenced in Suggested Readings for several sections.


Cullinan, Bernice E. (2000) Independent Reading and School Achievement. School Library Media Research (3).

PDF File

Review of the seminal research on the relationship between independent reading in and out of school and reading achievement. Part of a study commissioned by the US Department of Education.
Chapter 12: Creating Opportunities to Read More So That Students Read Better by Linda B. Gambrell (pp. 251-264) Hiebert, Elfrieda H. Ed. (2009). Reading More, Reading Better. New York: The Guilford Press. In the final chapter in this collection of articles by various researchers, Dr. Gambrell summarizes the importance of reading for pleasure, key features of creating a classroom environment for pleasure reading, and suggestions for home and summer reading.
Sanden, Sherry (2012). Independent Reading: Perspectives and Practices of Highly Effective Teachers. The Reading Teacher, 1 Nov 2012 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/TRTR.01120/epdf Overview of important elements to support IR based on studying effective primary teachers using IR
From Section 2: What We Know About Reading Motivation, and What It Means for Instruction (pp. 19-33) *Marinak, Barbara A., & Gambrell, Linda B. (2016). No More Reading for Junk: Best Practices for Motivating Readers. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. (Part of “Not This But That” Series) Explains Access, Relevance, and Choice as key ingredients in motivating children to read independently, and the research supporting these factors.
Section 2: Why Independent Reading Matters and Best Practices to Support It (pp. 11-39) *Miller, Debbie, & Moss, Barbara. (2013). No More Independent Reading Without Support. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. Provides a research-based list of criteria for effective IR and examines each.


Independent Reading Module. https://readingrecovery.clemson.edu/home/k-2-literacy-resources/